Generators

Calculate generator capacity for your project or home

If you do not know how to calculate generator capacity and choose the right generator for your project or home for your project or home, then this article will give you a great idea of ways to choose the right generator for many different applications.

Calculate generator capacity for your project or home

can only get the best results when you learn how to calculate the power of an alternator correctly. In order to choose the ideal generator for you. At first you have to estimate the spare power you will need. Then you can easily choose the right generator by choosing the right power for it.

Then you need to consider the period of time you need the standby generator to supply you with power based on the capacity of the generator. also, remember where you want to install the generator in your mind. But you can’t choose a generator and install it randomly without thinking about such things.

Types of electric generators and calculation of generator capacity

The truth is that generators are machines or devices used to generate power in places where it is difficult to access electricity. Generators act as a source of backup power that comes from fuel conversion.

Generators usually use gasoline, diesel or propane and convert them into electrical energy. These types of fuels are the main sources of electrical supply for domestic and commercial uses.

Also there are different types of generators. Although they differ in design and strength, they require special maintenance to ensure their long-term use. The maintenance of electrical and mechanical faults must be taken into account, and you can find important 7 generator electrical faults

Diesel generators

Generating electricity by diesel fuel, diesel generator works by combustion by force of pressure. This generator is famous for its less need for maintenance and is characterized by its durability and the ability to work continuously for a long time. In addition to obtaining high-efficiency energy at a cheap cost from this generator, the diesel generator is also distinguished by its ability to withstand high temperatures and difficult areas.

Diesel Generator Capacity Calculation

Calculate generator capacity of Diesel generator

Natural Gas Generators

There is no comparison to natural gas. If you have the option of using a natural gas generator, do not consider using another generator. The generator uses liquefied propane or petroleum to produce power. You will have an endless source of energy because natural gas is storable and exists in large quantities. This eco-friendly generator is recommended for all applications.

Gasoline Generators

Due to the availability of gasoline fuel, the gasoline generator is typical in every home and commercial use. For portable size and low cost operation, maximum people use this generator to use. But this generator needs special care regularly and makes noise while working.

Hybrid gas and diesel generators

Automatic gas or diesel backup generator that does not need to refuel for 48 hours. This large generator has a powerful engine, coolant, fuel tank, and alternator. When the power goes out, the automatic transmission switch starts the flow of power immediately. You won’t feel disconnected for a second with this generator – best for use on large construction sites, medical stents, and elevators.

Portable generators

This generator uses gas or diesel to produce electricity for a short period. You can use this generator to run your home appliances smoothly. Using a portable alternator has two ways – one is to connect the wires in the subpanel, and the other is to use alternator power sockets. If you experience short-term power outages in your area, you can use this generator as a power reserve.

Solar Generators

You can use this generator that uses sunlight as a source of energy. This energy is simple to install but powerful and can be stored easily. Here the battery retains power by charging, and needs to be charged in sunlight for 8 hours.

Calculate generator capacity ofSolar generator

inverter generator

Among all the previous generators, this generator is the quietest. It works by converting AC power to DC power. The energy produced is highly efficient and safe to operate the electrical tools in your home.

How to calculate generator capacity exactly?

Size is important when you’re considering taking a generator. Suppose you get a small generator that is not able to run your equipment or a large generator will lose more power. So you need one perfect generator, but if you don’t know how to choose the power of the generators, you will find the way in the rest of the article.

Load capacity to calculate generator capacity

At first, you have to calculate all the equipment you will need to run the generator on it. After making a list of these loads, add up all the wattage. The total wattage number is the required electrical power input that your devices need from the generator. You will find information about electrical loads on the metal plate on the equipment. and that information will helps you to calculate generator capacity.

Calculate generator capacity

Adjusting kW to KVA and calculate generator capacity

The total wattage you will find by summing is in kilowatts (kilowatts). It is the power load that produces the work output. But generators measure power in kilovolt amperes (kilovolt amperes). Sometimes you can assume that kw = kva but it is not practically 100% correct.

If you know the electrical system’s throughput, you can convert between kVA and kW. Where the wattage factor is calculated between 0 to 1. The closer the power factor is to 1, the more efficient the kVA becomes for conversion to kW.

Globally, the average power factor of the generator is 0.8, so you should calculate the loads with this factor because it is suitable and because it will help you greatly in calculate generator capacity.

Let’s give an example: If your appliances have a wattage of 100 kW, your generator size should produce an equivalent power of 125 kVA. And that is by dividing your load capacity \ 0.8 and in the previous example 100 \ 0.8 = 125 kva.

Determine the number of hours of operation of the generator

You have to choose the number of hours to run the generator because the generator run time at maximum load is 30 minutes. If you want the generator to run for more than 30 minutes, you have to increase the generator capacity by 20% – 30%.

Generator operating location

After calculating the load and determining the volume, you need to think about the location where you want to run the generator. You cannot choose a generator and install it randomly. If you live in a small place or up a hill and need a large generator, this is impossible. Try to provide additional space in your location for the generator before you get it.

Note: I think you now have a clear idea about determining the size of the generator. You should also know the most important 7 electrical faults of generators so that you can solve the faults you face.

How to choose the right generator for your project or your house?

After calculating generator capacity. Now comes the main part which is choosing the right generator for your project or your home.

Follow the tips that will be mentioned so you can choose the right generator for your project or home. Since three types of generator – portable generator, standby generator and inverter generator are common, here I have enlightened the methods of selecting these generators.

1. Choosing a portable generator

  • Portable generators are the popular generators that people are considering buying as they are a good backup source of power. It is very versatile and cheap to power household appliances.
  • You can use the portable generator on construction sites to use the tools smoothly also in the home where the renovation work is going on.
  • When you think of using a portable generator, first add all the wattage of the devices you want to run the generator. This number will help in choosing the right sized generator. You will get the wattage information at the hardware level.
  • The best thing about this generator is that you will get a generator with wheels to move from one place to another. This portability helps make your work easier.
  • Choose the generator that has an on / off button. It helps to start the generator quickly without any hassle.

2. Selection of backup generator

  • If you live in an area where power outages are frequent, budget for a backup generator. This generator can provide backup power for the whole house in the event of a power outage.
  • This type of generator turns on automatically when the power is cut off, and once power is restored it is turned off. Therefore, you will not have to worry about the generator starting or shut off.
  • Backup generators aren’t cheap, but if you need huge backup power, it’s worth it.
    The worrying thing about the generator is that this type of generator makes noise during operation. during night,  the loud noise is hard to beat. Modern standby generators come with advanced technology that keeps the noise level down.
  • For standby generator, LPG is safer and cleaner, but the running cost is expensive. Therefore, you can use diesel or gasoline to run the generator. This generator needs a professional to install because it will connect to the breaker box.

3. Choose an inverter generator

  • The inverter generator is for those who love camping and love the tailgate.
  • This generator is lightweight and quiet and gives smooth power backup.
  • You can run the inverter generator on gas and propane.
  • And you can use two inverter generators with parallel connection, which allows you to maximize dual power.
  • The power you will get from the inverter generator is smooth and safe.
  • You can operate different electrical appliances and gadgets like laptops and smartphones without any power outage problem.
  •  this generator is only used outside because this machine emits the toxic carbon monoxide.

Frequently Asked Questions for How to Calculate Generator Capacity

Here, in this section, we answer your frequently asked questions that might be on the mind of someone who wants to buy a new generator.

Can I run my generator all night?

Yes, you can run the generator overnight if you have enough gas in your tank.

What happens if I overload my generator?

You may encounter two types of malfunctions – one the generator will shut down due to the circuit breaker, another if there is no circuit breaker in the generator it will continue to run and overheat, and finally it will lead to a fire if the heat protection does not work.

Does the generator need a surge protection device?

No, because generators are safe because energy does not flow through a specific electrical circuit.

Summary in calculate generator capacity

We depend heavily on electricity for our lives. When a power outage occurs, the darkness makes us realize the importance of electricity. Day by day the need for electricity increases and the huge demands are met, sometimes the electricity network is cut off, and the power is cut off.

To meet the increasing need for electricity, generators are the best option to choose. This article will help you how to calculate generator capacity for home and commercial use.

Also Read :

buying guides portable generators

 

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